15 Latin American scientists you didn't know (and you should)

(CNN Spanish) — Latin American women scientists are an example of the rigor and commitment of women: they are an example to follow worldwide despite the little press they receive.

Women represent 45% of female researchers in Latin America and the Caribbean, compared to 28% globally, according to a UNESCO report published in 2020.

Although Latin America is the region with the highest proportion of female researchers worldwide, women struggle to access leadership positions, according to the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (Unesco).

Studies show that women are discouraged or lose interest in entering STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) fields at a young age. How to get women to be more recognized for their contributions to science?

On the International Day of Women and Girls in Science, we highlight fifteen of the most notorious Latin American scientists —from Argentina, Mexico and Colombia—, awarded recognition for their work, distinguished professors and research authors in prestigious publications around the world. world. They are role models for girls across the region, and an important reminder that their names and work deserve more publicity.


Argentina is one of the countries in the region with the highest percentage of women scientists: in 2019, more than 50% were dedicated to research and experimental development, according to the UNESCO Institute of Statistics.

We celebrate five of the most outstanding Argentine scientists in the field of science and research. They have won prizes for their valuable contributions to science, teach at universities and have written articles in the most important publications in the scientific field.



In Colombia, for example, only 37% of people holding research positions are women, according to the UNESCO Women in Science report cited by the Center for Sustainable Development Goals for Latin America at the University of Los Andes.

Colombia ranks 15th out of 20 in Latin America in terms of gender and research, according to UNESCO.

However, many Colombian scientists have outstanding jobs in these fields, not only in the country, but also abroad.



Women have also been hit hardest by remote work and house closures, while many female scientists face increased responsibilities and less time for research, which the UN says has exacerbated an already difficult situation.

As the impact of artificial intelligence looms larger, the underrepresentation of women in science could mean that their needs and perspectives could be overlooked in products and services that affect their daily lives.

These are some Mexican women in science who have left their mark.


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